Millennium Development Goals
In 2000, building upon a decade of United Nations conferences and summits, world leaders came together at UN Headquarters to adopt the United Nations Millennium Declaration, whereby they committed their Governments to a global partnership. The overarching objective of this partnership was to reduce extreme poverty and set out a series of time-bound targets - with a deadline of 2015. These time-bound goals have since become known as the Millennium Development Goals.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have eight concrete goals and together form a plan agreed to by all the world's countries and all the world's leading development institutions. While the first seven goals focus on eradicating extreme poverty; achieving universal primary education; promoting gender equality and empowering women; reducing child mortality; improving maternal health; combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; and ensuring environmental sustainability, the eighth goal calls for the creation of a global partnership for development. The eight goals have been adopted by more than 190 countries spanning 10 regions and have been articulated into more than 20 targets and over 60 indicators.
Jordan developed its 10-year National Agenda in 2005 with the main objective to improve the quality of life of Jordanians, create income-generating opportunities and guarantee social welfare. The Agenda set eight themes with specific targets and initiatives necessary to achieve its objectives. The themes encompassed the MDGs in the areas of education, training and employment, social welfare and private sector development.
The 10-year Agenda was further developed into a framework entitled "We are all Jordan". The two documents were combined into a three-year National Executive Programme (NEP) for 2007-2009 with specific goals, policies, programmes, projects, and indicators. A second NEP spanning 2009-2012 has been developed and the MDGs have also been given priority in new NEP.
Though the National Frameworks were not MDG based, Jordan was keen on integrating the MDGs within the NEP and in building the government's capacity in MDG planning. Jordan's approach is to adapt the MDGs to national development priorities and challenges, and to ensure mainstreaming the MDGs within national budgets and government priorities. Through implementation and monitoring of the national plans, which are wider in scope than the MDGs, Jordan aims to achieve the Goals. Challenges include reaching consensus on how to best achieve the MDGs among the different governmental institutions and civil society organizations, merging the resource and capacity gaps between the planning and implementation processes, and clarifying the linkages between local and national planning, as well as filling data gaps.
Jordan published its first National MDG Report in 2004, which revealed that it is on track to achieve some of the goals ahead of 2015. The report highlighted regional disparities as a key challenge. As a result, Jordan produced its first local MDG report for the Government of Aqaba in 2008 and produced its second local MDG report in 2009 for the governorate of Zarqa. These constitute a first step towards localizing the goals at the sub-national level and became a basis for local MDG planning.
To learn more about the MDGs, click here. To read the latest MDG reports in Jordan check our publications section.