Sustainable Development Goals
On 25 September 2015, 193 world leaders will commit to 17 development goals to achieve 3 extraordinary objectives in the coming 15 years.
- End extreme poverty.
- Fight inequality and injustice.
- Fix climate change.
The global goals for sustainable development could get these objectives achieved, in all countries and for all people.
Why are new goals being adopted this year?
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were launched in 2000 set 2015 as the target year. Recognizing the success of the goals - and the fact that a new development agenda was needed beyond 2015 - countries agreed in 2012 at RIO+20, the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, to establish an open working group to develop a set of sustainable development goals.
After more than a year of negotiations, the Open Working Group presented its recommendations for the 17 sustainable development goals. In August 2015, the 193 member states of the United Nations, reached consensus on the outcome document of the new agenda "Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development".
Member States decided that the UN summit for the adoption of new sustainable development agenda with its 17 goals will be held from 25 to 27 September 2015, in New York and convened as a high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly.
Why are there so many goals?
There are 17 sustainable development goals with 169 targets in contrast to the 8 Millennium Development Goals with 21 targets. The complex challenges that exist in the world today demand that a wide range of issues is covered. It is critical to address to root causes of the problems and not only of the symptoms.
The sustainable development goals are the results of a negotiation process that involved the 193 UN member states and also unprecedented participation of civil society and other stakeholders. This led to the representation of a wide range of interests and perspectives. On the other hand, the MDGs were produced by a group of experts behind closed doors.
The goals are broad in scope because they will address the interconnected elements of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. The MDGs focused primarily on the social agenda.
The MDGs targeted developing countries, particularly the poorest while the sustainable development goals will apply to the entire world, the rich and the poor.
For more information on the global goals, please visit this link: http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/