What is the UN Resident Coordinator System?
The Resident Coordinator (RC) system encompasses all organizations of the United Nations system dealing with programmatic and operational activities for development and humanitarian assistance, regardless of their formal presence in the country. The RC system aims to bring together the different UN agencies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operational activities at the country level.
RCs, who are funded by UNDP and a global cost sharing system, lead UN Country Teams in more than 130 countries and are the designated representatives of the Secretary-General for development operations. Working closely with national governments, Resident Coordinators and Country Teams advocate the interests and mandates of the UN system while drawing on the support and guidance of the entire UN family.
The objective of the RC system is to promote and facilitate coordination and the efficient management of UN activities thereby enabling optimum UN System support for national capacity-building to assist Jordan realize its national priorities and goals. The key mechanisms and documents of the RC system include:
- The Common Country Assessment (CCA);
- The United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF);
- The Annual UN Country Team Workplan;
- The UN inter-agency working groups.
The Resident Coordinator
The RC system, at the national level, is represented and led by the RC. The RC is the designated representative of the Secretary General for development interventions, and at times also humanitarian interventions, at the national level. It is usually the UNDP Resident Representative in the country who assumes the RC function. The RC’s role in the country is multifaceted, and their responsibilities include:
- Ensuring the coordination of all UN operational activities;
- Assuming leadership within the UN System;
- Assuming the UN Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) role in case of an emergency and coordinating the UN country-level response to humanitarian crises;
- Encouraging and facilitating stronger coordination and coherence for UN activities, and promoting the UN global agenda, including the UN reform, at country level;
- Assuming responsibility for all common UN projects and initiatives designed to reflect corporate UN priorities;
- Reporting on an annual basis on all UN activities to the Secretary General.
The RC is supported by the Resident Coordinators Office (RCO), which assists in the organization and management of UN agency collaboration and ensures that coordination mechanisms are in place. The RC system strives to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of UN assistance provision at the country level. The complementarities of the UN agencies combined with a division of labor based on agency mandates constitute the basis for strengthened coordination.
In Jordan, the RC is also the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC), UNDP Resident Representative, UNFPA Representative and the Designated Official for Security.